Exolit AP 422 is a fine-particle ammonium polyphosphate (phase II) produced by a special method. The product is largely insoluble in water and completely insoluble in organic solvents. It is colourless, non-hygroscopic and non-flammable.
- Non-halogenated flame retardant with favorable environmental and health profile
- Greatly reduced water solubility, low viscosity in aqueous suspension, very low acid number
- Particularly suitable as an ”acid donor” for intumescent coatings thanks to its low water solubility. Steel structures coated with intumescent paints can meet the requirements of fire resistance classes specified in EN, DIN, BS, ASTM and others
- Their application on wood or plastics enables these materials to qualify for Building Material Class B (DIN EN 13501-1)
- Excellent flame-retardant effect in cellulose-containing materials such as paper and wood products. With chipboard products, the DIN EN 13501-1 classification can be achieved by adding 15 - 20 % Exolit® AP 422
- Imparts a good flame-retardant effect to adhesives and sealants when it is incorporated into the base formulation at the rate of 10 - 20%
- Suitable non-halogenated flame retardant for polyurethane foams. PUR Foams with Exolit® AP 422 can be recycled
- An essential component in intumescent formulations for thermoplastics, particularly polypropylene, for which the classification UL 94-V0 is specified for applications in the electrical sector
- In the case of thermosets like epoxy resins and unsaturated polyester resins, it paves the way for the production of lightweight components with low solids content
- Can be used in transport applications to obtain good fire, smoke and toxicity results (EN 45545)
- (Bio-)degradable by breaking down to naturally occurring phosphate and ammonia
SafetyFor regulatory details such as the classification and labeling as dangerous substances or goods please refer to our corresponding Material Safety Data Sheet.
|Characteristics||Unit||Target value||DS¹)||TD²)||Test method|
n > 1000
|Phosphorus||% (w/w)||31.0 - 32.0|
|Photometry after oxidizing dissolution; (11/17)|
|Water / Moisture||% (w/w)||max. 0.25|
|Thermogravimetry at 130 °C; (11/03)|
|Nitrogen||% (w/w)||14.0 - 15.0|
|Elemental analysis; (11/07)|
|at 25 °C|
|at 25 °C in 10 % aqueous suspension|
|pH Value||5.5 - 7.5|
|Potentiometry in 10 % aqueous suspension; (11/12)|
|Solubility in Water||% (w/w)||max. 0.5|
|Gravimetry after filtration of a 10 % aqueous suspension at 25 °C; (11/41)|
|Acid Number||mg KOH/g||max. 1|
|Titration using alkali in 10 % aqueous suspension; (11/11)|
|Decomposition Temperature||°C||> 275|
|Initial evolution of ammonia|
|Average Particle Size (D50)||µm||approx. 17|
|Particle Size Distribution||% (w/w)|
|Air jet sieving; (11/02)|
|> 100 µm||max. 0.2 (DS)|
|< 50 µm||min. 95 (TD)|
|Weight Loss||% (w/w)|
|350 °C||approx. 5|
|450 °C||approx. 10|
|550 °C||approx. 20|
|¹) Delivery specification: The product is monitored on a regular basis to ensure that it adheres to the specified values. Test methods: Clariant method numbers 11/xx in brackets.|
²) Technical data: The technical data are used solely to describe the product and are not subject to regular monitoring.
On account of its low water solubility, Exolit AP 422 is particularly suitable as an ”acid donor” for intumescent coatings. Other essential components of intumescent systems include a binder, a carbon donor (e.g. pentaerythritol) and a blowing agent (e.g. melamine).
On exposure to flame, intumescent coatings form a carbonaceous foam which effectively shields the underlying material from temperature increases.
Steel structures coated with intumescent paints can meet the requirements of fire resistance classes specified in EN, DIN, BS, ASTM and others.
The application of Exolit AP 422 based intumescent coatings on wood or plastics enables these materials to qualify for Building Material Class B (DIN EN 13501-1).
Exolit AP 422 imparts a good flame-retardant effect to adhesives and sealants when it is incorporated into the base formulation at the rate of 10 - 20 %.
Exolit AP 422 is a suitable non-halogenated flame retardant for polyurethane foams. If handling of Exolit AP 422 as a solid is not possible we recommend the dosage of the flame retardant by preparing an Exolit AP 422/polyol-suspension. Because of the low acid number of Exolit AP 422, it is also possible to incorporate this flame retardant in an Exolit AP 422/isocyanate suspension.
To prevent the solids from settling, the Exolit AP 422 suspensions should be stirred or circulated by pump. The stirrers commonly found in service tanks are adequate for this purpose.
In composites for transport applications it can be used to control fire, smoke and toxicity. Especially in railway (EN 45545-2) and aviation (FAR 25.853) applications low smoke density and toxicity is a key requirement.
Exolit AP 422 has an excellent flame-retardant effect in cellulose-containing materials such as paper and wood products. With chipboard products, the DIN EN 13501-1 classification can be achieved by adding 15 - 20 % Exolit AP 422.
Because of its high heat stability, Exolit AP 422 is an essential component in intumescent formulations for thermoplastics, particularly polypropylene, for which the classification UL 94-V0 is specified for applications in the electrical sector.
Casting resins and composites based on epoxy resins or unsaturated polyester resins achieve the classification UL 94-V0 with Exolit AP 422. Combinations of AP 422 with ATH show synergistic effects in UL94 and LOI tests.
Packaging and HandlingDelivery form
Exolit AP 422 is packed in 25 kg 4-ply paper bags with polyethylene inliner. The standard supply unit is a shrink-wrapped pallet with 40 bags weighing 1000 kg net. Exolit AP 422 can also be supplied in a variety of big bags, shrink-wrapped.
Minimum shelf life is 12 months from the date of shipping when stored according to the said conditions.
EcoTain®Products that offer outstanding sustainability advantages are awarded Clariant’s EcoTain® label. EcoTain® products significantly exceed sustainability market standards, have best-in-class performance and contribute overall to sustainability efforts of the company and our customers. Find out more about: EcoTain®.
- Non hazardous, studies on life cycle data available
- Saves lives and assets as a (halogen free) flame retardant
- Phosphorus is on the EU list of critical raw materials, however, recycling is possible and actively investigated
- High material efficiency and minimized waste in production through recycling of raw materials
- Joint developments with customers on formulations
- Constant high quality and hydrolytic stability
- Supports the attainability of eco-labels for customer products
Please contact us for safety and regulatory details or the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).